Nottingham is built upon a soft rock that - unlike many other types of rock - can easily be worked by individuals armed with a pick and a decent pair of biceps each. In olden times, the settlement was named 'tigguo cobauc', which meant, 'the place of caves'.
From Nottingham's very early days, the inhabitants have sought to create, expand and modify living and commercial premises through underground excavation. The road tunnel pictured above is hewn through rock between Derby Road and the Park. As well as the more obvious carvings around the base of castle rock and up on Hollowstone, there are still a large - but sadly decreasing - number of individual manmade caves and tunnels beneath the city centre. Back in the day these were created as living spaces, workshops, thoroughfares and beer cellars (handily, Nottingham's caves remain at a temperature entirely suited to storing beer).